The social media impact on PR

The impact of social media on corporate communications is changing the role of the public relations practitioner. Disruptions in global economics and the rise of social media have presented the world of corporate communications with a new paradigm. Drastic changes in general media are changing how public relations practitioners address content, the media and representation of their clients. In short, the world has changed, and the dynamics of public relations have changed with it. At the heart of the evolution is content, and the PR’s role in its generation, aggregation and resulting conversations.


The successful publishing of content in the media has been a goal of traditional public relations, viewed as the deliverable by the PR's clients. Once published, the traditional public relations practitioner would be divorced from the content, unable to govern its proliferation. The content is handed over to the publisher, or media, which becomes the custodian of its final form and aggregation. Consumers would then hopefully be exposed to the content, and a conversation would arise that the PR and their client would not necessarily be privy to.


Social media, however, along with other disruptions in the market, have changed the dynamics surrounding content. In the past, the PR was responsible for creating content and pitching it to the media. In the new paradigm the PR is responsible for content creation, pitching, self publishing, content marketing and then listening to and learning from the resulting conversations.


The PR must generate content that offers value and challenges people, bearing in mind that in our new, on-demand culture and changed media consumption environment people are increasingly busy and have lowered attention spans. Content must be concise and substantial.


The pitch, in terms of motivating the publishing of content, is also still a vital role of public relations. But this now extends beyond traditional publishers. Of course, the PR must address traditional press and media, but must also include bloggers, prominent social media users and new media publishers that have influence in their own right.


There are also many tools now available that allow the PRs to become publishers themselves and package content for media and consumers. These outlets allow the PR agency to build its own audience and invests them in the publishing component of content.


But in order to effectively manage the publishing of content, PR practitioners need to understand the implications and effective use of tools. This implies realising the effect that platforms such as blogs, Twitter and Facebook have where content is involved, and an acknowledgement of the changing roles in ownership of that content.


Marketing is a function of publishing that the PR must now also assume. In the old paradigm the publisher would be responsible for marketing packaged content, whereas now the PR must strategise the marketing of content published via alternative and new media channels.


Twitter and Facebook, for example, are as much tools for the sharing and promotion of content as they are for the creation and publication of content.


The influence of media has also changed. Whereas in the past pure readership numbers and broad demographics were used to gauge influence, now quality beats quantity. There is always a chance that 300 Facebook users who are part of a niche group may offer more influence in a specific area of interest than 5,000 magazine readers who may or may not be interested in something.


The proliferation of content in social media is also accelerated as posted items appear in public timelines and are shared by multiple users. A small group of people are able to reach potentially millions of social media users with relatively little effort, if the content they are offering is of sufficient interest.


And when the resulting conversation surrounding the content begins, the PR is in the mix. But it is important to note that our role is not to manipulate the conversation, but to be aware of its occurrence, form and implications, and to be available to respond if the need occurs.


It is no longer acceptable to pretend these conversations are not happening. The PR needs to be aware of the conversations and be open to learning from the insights provided by the content consumers.


Constructive feedback can be used to produce better content in the future. And tools are available that allow conversations to be monitored. However, the correct response to negative criticism is not to send the provocateur free samples of the very thing they are complaining about, or to try to control the conversation.


Instead, one must realise that being privy to these conversations is a privilege. If customers are telling you to fix your product, then the problem is with the product itself, not the communications surrounding it.


If one monitors the conversation, stripping out commentary by individuals seeking glory or trolling for negative attention, a good cross-cut of opinion is provided.


The role of the PR in the conversation is as facilitator and listener. To find where the conversation is happening and access this to provide relevant feedback to the client.


The way people communicate and the forms of media and information consumption are changing. PRs need to be aware of these changes and adapt their roles and responsibilities accordingly.